The first round of Czech Senate election as well as the first-ever regional assembly elections were held on Sunday. The ruling Social Democrats performed very poorly in both, with the opposition center-right parties (ODS and the Four-party Coalition) scoring most of the victories or being in leading positions. The Communists also did well in some regions. Most of the Senate seats being contested (one-third) will be decided in the second round, on November 19. A weak performance by the Social Democrats was expected (based on opinion polls), but their results seem to be worse than expectations. At the same time, the regional assembly and interim Senate results are unlikely to have a significant impact on the minority government’s agenda or on its chances of survival until the next general election in 2002. The role of the Senate in Czech politics is rather limited, and the newly created regional assemblies still have to establish their role in domestic political life.